Anxiety : What is, Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatment

What is Anxiety?

The term “anxiety” has probably been used often, but what does it mean to really experience it? Anxiety is a mental health condition characterized by persistent worry or excessive dread. Everyone has moments of worry, but anxiety indicates that your problems severely disrupt your daily life.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problem in the world, affecting 1 in 13 people globally.

As a result, if you’re experiencing one, know that you most surely are not alone. Young individuals and women feel anxiety more frequently than males

which can be attributed to a number of circumstances. 7.2% of children aged 5 to 19 have an anxiety condition, despite the fact that women are twice as likely as males to acquire an anxiety diagnosis.

what signs of anxiety?

The symptoms of anxiety might vary depending on the diagnosis, however most anxiety issues have multiple or all of the symptoms mentioned below. People with generalized anxiety disorder most closely resemble the following signs and symptoms: (GAD).

Physical symptoms:

  • feeling lightheaded or confused
  • faster heart rate or a sense of being hot
  • Fear causes digestive system problems, hyperventilation, or fast breathing
    nausea or stomach discomfort
  • Your body is hurting. Best medication advise : Aspadol 100mg
  • I’m worn out and feeble.
  • Sleep-related changes to sex drive
  • Mental health issues:
  • feeling tense, worried, or furious
  • despair and a bad mood
  • feeling like there’s danger coming or dreading the worst
  • Constantly worrying about things that need other people’s approval and feeling as if everyone is looking at you
  • Derealization is a kind of disassociation in which a person feels disconnected from or disassociated from reality.
  • In a kind of disassociation known as depersonalization, a person has a sensation of disassociation from oneself, as if they are seeing themselves from the outside.

What primary forms of anxiety are there?

Although there are many different types of anxiety disorders, we’ll concentrate on four of the most common ones in this post. We won’t go into as much into here addressing other anxiety-related conditions like OCD, PTSD, separation anxiety, and agoraphobia. For help and more information on these problems, go to Mind, a UK mental health support group.

Generalized anxiety disorder:

As GAD is the most common kind of anxiety, when people claim to have it, they often mean they have it. People with GAD frequently feel anxious and worried without necessarily being in a stressful situation. They often prepare for the worst-case scenario and find it difficult to control these negative feelings.

This anxiety has a bad effect on their daily life since it causes uncontrollable worry that makes it hard for them to focus on what they should be doing. Additionally,

it might disrupt relationships, sleep, eating, and work. Frequently, anxieties are tied to many various elements of a person’s life rather than just one single issue.

Social anxiety:

Social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia, is characterized by an extreme fear of being in social situations and speaking in front of people.

Even in situations that are frequently unsettling, a person with social anxiety may worry about being ridiculed, hurt, or criticized by others.

They may feel quite uncomfortable being compelled to hang out with strangers or being in huge gatherings of people.

Social anxiety may most often appear while meeting new people, dating, delivering a speech in front of an audience, starting up a conversation, and eating in public.

Despite the fact that some of these circumstances may not appear tense to someone without social anxiety, they might all be quite damaging for someone with social anxiety.

Panic disorder:

While you’ve probably heard of panic attacks before, you may not be aware that frequent and unexpected panic attacks are a symptom of panic disorder, a mental health condition.

Every panic attack may be a scary experience, and this may be highly disruptive to daily life.

Panic attack symptoms including shaking, palpitations, hyperventilation, disorientation, and others may strike abruptly.

The sufferers sometimes fear about passing out or dying and feel a paralyzing terror that paralyzes them. Because you cannot die from a panic attack, you should quit worrying. Simply put, experiencing extreme anxiety may cause you to believe that you are in danger.

Avoiding behaviors or activities that might trigger a panic attack.

worrying for a long time after a panic attack that it could happen again, and thinking that a panic attack is a symptom of a medical issue are some signs that you might have panic disorder (such as heart illness).


Although though having a fear of anything is frequently made fun of, phobias are a form of anxiety condition that should be dealt seriously. When you are utterly afraid of something, you will unjustifiably exaggerate any threat in your mind.

Without even needing to be in close contact, some people may suffer intense dread or even a panic attack just by thinking about or seeing the phobic stimuli on a screen.

Phobia sufferers frequently understand that their worries are unfounded, but this understanding frequently does not make them stop worrying.

Among the more common phobias are pteromerhanophobia (fear of flying), claustrophobia (aversion to small spaces), and entomophobia (fear of insects).

What causes anxiety?

There isn’t even one clear cause for worry. Instead, a number of variables related to your personality, upbringing, and life circumstances often cause it. We go into additional information discussing the various causes of anxiety disorders below.


According to studies, you are more likely to have an anxiety issue yourself if a close relative does.

A mixture of nature and environment may have contributed to this phenomenon, although there is some indication that genetics may have also had a role.

A 2015 twin study found that having the RBFOX1 gene increased a person’s likelihood of developing GAD. A different study from 2016 suggested that GAD, social anxiety disorder, and panic disorder may be related genetically.

The molecular causes of anxiety are also impacted by our brain chemistry, which is controlled by our genetics. According to a number of experts, anxiety is a result of the brain’s neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, and GABA being out of balance.

Despite the fact that this neurotransmitter has a big influence on mood, anxiety and sadness have been linked to low serotonin levels. Dopamine can affect energy levels and anxiety in a similar way. However, too much dopamine can also make one feel paranoid.

Norepinephrine imbalances may be dangerous because the body releases this hormone as part of the fight-or-flight response in response to stress.

Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) also soothes the neurological system and guards against overstimulation of the brain. A 2003 study found that low GABA levels may contribute to anxiety.

Childhood trauma and experiences:

This is the case with the majority of mental health conditions, anxiety disorders may be caused by upsetting childhood memories or traumatic events in the past. In rare situations, this may be a single experience, such as the death of a loved one, a violent crime, or witnessing a tragic occurrence. As an alternative, anxiety may also be brought on by repeating negative occurrences like bullying or physical or emotional abuse.

Under these circumstances, anxiety often emerges from your body and brain creating defense systems to deal with upsetting events in the past.

The brain may begin to anticipate bad things, especially if there has been a pattern of unfavorable experiences. This anticipation may lead to continued anxiety and panic.

Keep in mind that anxiousness does not need require a particularly terrible event. If you can’t identify the cause of your anxiety, you shouldn’t assume that you’re overreacting to your feelings since many people with anxiety cannot.

Situation in life right now:

Anxiety could also be exacerbated by daily pressures. Even while they may not seem to be stressful, these actions might nonetheless be detrimental to mental health.

Money concerns, marital issues, work stress, taking care of a loved one, or being laid off are all factors in your current life circumstances that could make you apprehensive.

The stress of COVID-19 has dramatically raised anxiety, particularly among young people, and an epidemic is now happening on a global scale. Learn how you may assist children and teenagers who are now experiencing anxiety by enrolling in our course on Anxiety in Children and Young People at COVID-19.

Also, you can sign up for our course on the effects of remote working if you’re struggling to balance your work and personal commitments while working from home.

Physical sickness or injury are major causes of mental health issues like anxiety. The stress of maintaining a physical ailment may be quite exhausting, especially when you take into account the pain, financial strain, and increasing difficulties doing regular duties.

To discover more about the relationship between mental and physical disease, take the Integrated Care: Depression, Anxiety, and Physical Illness course at King’s College London.

booze, drugs, and prescription medications:

Since there are instances in which a specific substance or excessive alcohol may trigger or induce anxiety, there is occasionally a link between addiction or alcoholism and anxiety.

Moreover, a number of medications intended to treat physical or mental diseases may have anxiety as a side effect. These are a few of these medications:

  • Drugs for Parkinson’s disease
  • Corticosteroids and Coffee in Medicine
  • drug seizures
  • Thyroid medication
  • ADD medication
  • inhalation medicine

How should I control my anxiety?

The techniques listed below can be uses to help you manage your symptoms of anxiety. These methods won’t take the place of professional treatment, but they could provide you some relief when you need it.

mindfulness training and breathing exercises. There are many techniques you may use to relax yourself, and our mindfulness sessions will show you some of the more potent ones.

including social connections, kinship, or leisure pursuits. Sometimes all we need is to spend time with someone we love or to participate in activities that divert our attention from troubling thoughts.

employing self-care methods. Some of our favorite relaxation techniques include taking a bath, lighting candles, playing relaxing music, and practicing meditation.

Exercising. Even though it’s probably the last thing on your mind, exercise produces endorphins and eases stress. Learn more about the therapeutic benefits of exercise with the aid of the online Exercise Prescription course offered by Trinity College Dublin.

maintaining a diary. You can use writing to express your emotions, discuss your worries, and decide whether your worries are rational. Sometimes jotting down your thoughts may be incredibly beneficial.

an early night’s sleep. With the assistance of Sleep Deprivation: Habits, Solutions, and Strategies from the University of Michigan Teach-Out course, you may enhance your own sleep, which is a vital component of sustaining mental health.

eating wholesome, balanced meals. As food is the real source of nourishment for our bodies, it may have a big impact on how we feel emotionally. See how eating could make you feel better psychologically by taking a nutrition course.

avoiding alcohol, drugs, and coffee. One of these items could be worth giving up as they can all have negative effects on your health and wellbeing. Even while it may not seem unpleasant, caffeine may make someone with anxiety feel restless and uneasy.

taking an online course on anxiety. If you want to learn more about anxiety, you may enroll in one of our fantastic anxiety courses or even suggest it to a friend or family member who already suffers from anxiety.

What are some possibilities for treating anxiety?

There are many wonderful therapeutic options for treating , which is something that many people do daily in therapy.

The same thing won’t work for everyone, and sometimes, people need to combine various therapy to effectively treat their symptoms. We’ll go through your alternatives below for counseling and medication, which are the two major methods of treatment for anxiety. Keep in mind that this is not an exhaustive list of examples.

Treatment for anxiety:

Cognitive and behavioral therapy (CBT). . It aims to identify negative thinking patterns and stop them in order to change your beliefs and habits.

To find out more about CBT’s function in treating anxiety, enroll in the Understanding Anxiety, Depression, and CBT course at the University of Reading.

employing calming methods. With this, the physical symptoms of anxiety effectively treated, with panic disorder potentially benefiting the most.

Recognizing situations that might potentially induce panic and understanding how to employ muscle relaxation techniques are necessary for helping the body calm down.

Medications for anxiety include:

It’s crucial to stress straight away that not everyone has success with drugs, and in certain circumstances, it may possibly make anxiety issues worse. If it makes you feel worse, you should speak to your doctor and stop taking it.

Benzodiazepines are sedatives (tranquillisers). Popular benzodiazepines that is frequently prescribes for short-term use include Xanax and Valium.

These medications provide rapid relief from anxiety and panic episodes, but they are highly addictive These include things like feeling tired and foggy.

Antidepressants. On the other hand, antidepressants are often safe for long-term use. Antidepressants are not a fast remedy since they might take six to eight weeks to start working, but the danger of reliance and misuse is lower than when using benzodiazepines.

They also have negative side effects, some of which may be quite incapacitating for certain people. Popular antidepressant examples include Prozac and Paxil.

Beta-blockers. Compared to benzodiazepines, beta-blockers are mild tranquilizers that act more gradually and don’t impair memory or coordination. They take about two weeks to start working, and they don’t have the same sedative effect as drugs like Xanax. The drug buspirone, also known by the brand name BuSpar, is the most widely uses example of a beta-blocker. It works to reduce anxiety by increasing serotonin levels and decreasing dopamine levels in the brain.

Final observations:

We hope that this article has improved your knowledge about anxiety disorders so that you can help others who may be experiencing them or you yourself. Knowing your mental health inside and out is crucial to being able to care after yourself.

If you want to continue learning about   mental health, you may enroll in any of our many psychology and mental health courses. If you suspect that you may have an  disorder, don’t be reluctant to speak with a professional. Particularly in this day and age, we must prioritize our own health.

One of the most dependable and trustworthy online pharmacies in the whole world is Buynetmeds, which has earned widespread acclaim. Our objective is to supply our customers with real medications.

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